Ys after confluency, cells were fixed in paraformaldehyde 0.5 ?glutaraldehyde 2 . A post-fixation

Ys after confluency, cells were fixed in paraformaldehyde 0.5 ?glutaraldehyde 2 . A post-fixation

Ys after confluency, cells were fixed in paraformaldehyde 0.5 ?glutaraldehyde 2 . A post-fixation step with OsO4 was performed. Membranes were dehydrated through an ethanol gradient and 10781694 included overnight in Epon resin using the Epoxy EmbeddingPrimary Human Proximal Renal Culture ModelFigure 4. Immunofluorescence detection of specific markers in (A) CD10/CD13 double-positive cells and (B) CD10/CD13 doublenegative cells. Actin was labeled by incubation with a phalloidin-FITC solution. Cells were labeled with antibodies to pan-cytokeratin, b-catenin, vimentin, aquaporin-1, E-cadherin and MUC1 (all Texas Red-conjugated). DAPI was used to counterstain nuclei. Magnification: 6200. The grey squares in the left panel images indicate the region of high magnification shown in the right panel. Experiments were performed with cells at different passages. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0066750.gMedium Kit (Sigma Aldrich). Ultra-thin sections were cut and stained with uranyl acetate and lead citrate to increase contrast. Sections were examined on an electronic microscope, Ziess EM902 (Carl Zeiss S.A.S, Le Pecq, France).Alkaline phosphatase assayThe expression of the proximal tubule brush border enzyme, alkaline phosphatase, was assessed spectrophotometrically using pnitrophenylphosphatase as a substrate in agreement with the guidelines of 16985061 the International Federation of Clinical Chemistry in the CobasH 8000-2 robot (Roche). get Fexinidazole enzyme activity was standardized to protein concentrations.Measurements of trans-epithelial electrical resistance (TEER)Cells were seeded onto BoydenH chambers (Becton Dickinson) coated with MatrigelH (Becton Dickinson) or 13655-52-2 site collagen IV (1 mg/ cm2) (Becton Dickinson) or without matrix, at a density of 50 000 cells per well. At confluency, the TEER was measured for five days using a volt hmmeter Evom2TM (World Precisions Instruments, Stevenage, United Kingdom) as following the manufacturer’s instructions. Measurements were performed every 24 hours. The Madin-Darby Canine Kidney (MDCK) cell line (ECACC, Salisbury, United Kingdom) was used as a positive control [14]. TEER readings from empty uncoated or coated (MatrigelH or collagen IV) BoydenH chambers were subtracted from TEER readings obtained from similar chambers seeded with cells. TEER readings are expressed in V.cm2.Reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR)Total RNAs were extracted from CD10/CD13 double-positive and CD10/CD13 double-negative cells using MiRNeasy Mini Kit (Qiagen, Courtaboeuf, France) in accordance with the protocol described by the manufacturer, and concentrations were determined using the BioSpec-nano spectrophotometer (Shimadzu, Champs sur Marne, France). RT was performed using the High capacity cDNA reverse transcription kit (Applied Biosystems, Courtaboeuf, France) with manufacturer’s instructions. Each amplification reaction was carried out in a total volume of 25 mL 10 mM Tris-HCl buffer pH 8.4 containing 50 mM KCl, 0.2 mM of each dNTP, 2 mM MgCl2, 0.4 mM of each primer (Table S1), 200 ng DNA and 0.6 U Taq DNA polymerasePrimary Human Proximal Renal Culture ModelFigure 5. Immunofluorescence detection of specific markers in (A) CD13+ cells and (B) CD10+ cells. Actin was labeled by incubation with a phalloidin-FITC solution. Cells were labeled with antibodies to pan-cytokeratin, b-catenin, vimentin, aquaporin-1, E-cadherin and MUC1 (all Texas Red-conjugated). DAPI was used to counterstain nuclei. Magnification: 6200. The grey squares in the left pa.Ys after confluency, cells were fixed in paraformaldehyde 0.5 ?glutaraldehyde 2 . A post-fixation step with OsO4 was performed. Membranes were dehydrated through an ethanol gradient and 10781694 included overnight in Epon resin using the Epoxy EmbeddingPrimary Human Proximal Renal Culture ModelFigure 4. Immunofluorescence detection of specific markers in (A) CD10/CD13 double-positive cells and (B) CD10/CD13 doublenegative cells. Actin was labeled by incubation with a phalloidin-FITC solution. Cells were labeled with antibodies to pan-cytokeratin, b-catenin, vimentin, aquaporin-1, E-cadherin and MUC1 (all Texas Red-conjugated). DAPI was used to counterstain nuclei. Magnification: 6200. The grey squares in the left panel images indicate the region of high magnification shown in the right panel. Experiments were performed with cells at different passages. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0066750.gMedium Kit (Sigma Aldrich). Ultra-thin sections were cut and stained with uranyl acetate and lead citrate to increase contrast. Sections were examined on an electronic microscope, Ziess EM902 (Carl Zeiss S.A.S, Le Pecq, France).Alkaline phosphatase assayThe expression of the proximal tubule brush border enzyme, alkaline phosphatase, was assessed spectrophotometrically using pnitrophenylphosphatase as a substrate in agreement with the guidelines of 16985061 the International Federation of Clinical Chemistry in the CobasH 8000-2 robot (Roche). Enzyme activity was standardized to protein concentrations.Measurements of trans-epithelial electrical resistance (TEER)Cells were seeded onto BoydenH chambers (Becton Dickinson) coated with MatrigelH (Becton Dickinson) or collagen IV (1 mg/ cm2) (Becton Dickinson) or without matrix, at a density of 50 000 cells per well. At confluency, the TEER was measured for five days using a volt hmmeter Evom2TM (World Precisions Instruments, Stevenage, United Kingdom) as following the manufacturer’s instructions. Measurements were performed every 24 hours. The Madin-Darby Canine Kidney (MDCK) cell line (ECACC, Salisbury, United Kingdom) was used as a positive control [14]. TEER readings from empty uncoated or coated (MatrigelH or collagen IV) BoydenH chambers were subtracted from TEER readings obtained from similar chambers seeded with cells. TEER readings are expressed in V.cm2.Reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR)Total RNAs were extracted from CD10/CD13 double-positive and CD10/CD13 double-negative cells using MiRNeasy Mini Kit (Qiagen, Courtaboeuf, France) in accordance with the protocol described by the manufacturer, and concentrations were determined using the BioSpec-nano spectrophotometer (Shimadzu, Champs sur Marne, France). RT was performed using the High capacity cDNA reverse transcription kit (Applied Biosystems, Courtaboeuf, France) with manufacturer’s instructions. Each amplification reaction was carried out in a total volume of 25 mL 10 mM Tris-HCl buffer pH 8.4 containing 50 mM KCl, 0.2 mM of each dNTP, 2 mM MgCl2, 0.4 mM of each primer (Table S1), 200 ng DNA and 0.6 U Taq DNA polymerasePrimary Human Proximal Renal Culture ModelFigure 5. Immunofluorescence detection of specific markers in (A) CD13+ cells and (B) CD10+ cells. Actin was labeled by incubation with a phalloidin-FITC solution. Cells were labeled with antibodies to pan-cytokeratin, b-catenin, vimentin, aquaporin-1, E-cadherin and MUC1 (all Texas Red-conjugated). DAPI was used to counterstain nuclei. Magnification: 6200. The grey squares in the left pa.

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