Is that we cannot distinguish tumor-derived from host-derived products in ascites.

Is that we cannot distinguish tumor-derived from host-derived products in ascites.

Is that we cannot distinguish tumor-derived from host-derived products in ascites.p47phox2/2 cells (Figure 4C). We did not detect ROI generation in cultured MOSEC cells stimulated with PMA for 15 or 60 min (not shown), indicating that these cells are unlikely to be a source of ROIs in tumor-bearing mice. Together, these results point to p47phox being required for NADPH oxidase activity in granulocytic MDSCs, but not significantly influencing MDSC accumulation in MOSEC-bearing mice.T cell suppression by ovarian tumor induced-MDSCs is POR-8 chemical information independent of NADPH oxidaseMDSCs are defined based on both surface marker expression and immunosuppressive function. Since NADPH oxidase did not significantly affect MDSC accumulation in MOSEC-bearing mice, we evaluated whether NADPH oxidase modulates MDSC function, focusing on granulocytic MDSCs. CD11b+ cells and Ly6G+ cells were isolated by magnetic separation from PECs of WT and p47phox2/2 mice harvested at day 42 or 90 after MOSEC administration. Cytology and flow cytometry analysis of fractionated PECs showed concordant results, with similar findings between WT and p47phox2/2 mice. Representative results from PECs harvested at day 90 are shown in Figure 5. The CD11bnegative fraction consisted predominantly of tumor cells, with sparse numbers of myeloid cells (,1 ) (Figure 5A). The CD11benriched fraction was comprised principally of macrophages (CD11b+F4/80+), but also contained granulocytic and monocytic MDSCs (Figure 5B). The Ly6G-enriched fraction contained a mixed population of cells, with granulocytic MDSCs (CD11b+Ly6G+Ly6Clow) being the predominant myeloid cell population. Cytology confirmed the presence of cells with a distinct granulocytic morphology in the Ly6G+ enriched fraction (Figure 5C). PEC fractions from tumor-bearing WT and p47phox2/2mice were co-cultured with anti-CD3/B7.1-stimulated CFSE-loaded splenocytes from non-tumor-bearing WT mice (E:T ratio 1:1), and CD4+ and CD8+ T cell proliferation was assessed by CFSE dye dilution. CD11b-enriched PECs from day 42 and day 90 tumorbearing WT and p47phox2/2mice completely suppressed antiCD3/B7.1-stimulated CD4+ and CD8+ T cell order KDM5A-IN-1 proliferationPeritoneal granulocytic MDSCs from WT MOSEC-bearing mice have intact p47phox-dependent NADPH oxidase functionWe next assessed whether NADPH oxidase activity is intact in MDSCs from tumor-bearing mice. Peritoneal exudate cells harvested at day 90 after MOSEC challenge from WT and p47phox2/2 mice were stimulated with PMA (50 nM for 15 min), and intracellular ROI production in granulocytic MDSCs (CD11b+Ly6G+) was assessed by H2DCFDA fluorescence (Figure 4A). WT granulocytic MDSCs had intact NADPH oxidase activity (Figure 4B), whereas ROI generation was absent inFigure 3. Role of NADPH oxidase in cytokine production in the ovarian tumor microenvironment. Cell-free supernatants collected from ascites from WT and p47phox2/2 mice at day 90 after MOSEC administration were analyzed by ELISA for pro-inflammatory cytokines, G-CSF, and VEGF. N = 8 mice per genotype. Comparison between genotypes: p = NS. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0069631.gMyeloid-Derived Suppressor Cells and NADPH OxidaseFigure 4. 23977191 The p47phox component is required for NADPH oxidase activity in granulocytic MDSCs. PECs from WT and p47phox2/2 mice harvested at day 90 after MOSEC challenge were stimulated with PMA, and intracellular ROI production in CD11b+Ly6G+ cells was assessed by H2DCFDA fluorescence. A) Gating on all non-aggregated cells (Gate 1), CD11b.Is that we cannot distinguish tumor-derived from host-derived products in ascites.p47phox2/2 cells (Figure 4C). We did not detect ROI generation in cultured MOSEC cells stimulated with PMA for 15 or 60 min (not shown), indicating that these cells are unlikely to be a source of ROIs in tumor-bearing mice. Together, these results point to p47phox being required for NADPH oxidase activity in granulocytic MDSCs, but not significantly influencing MDSC accumulation in MOSEC-bearing mice.T cell suppression by ovarian tumor induced-MDSCs is independent of NADPH oxidaseMDSCs are defined based on both surface marker expression and immunosuppressive function. Since NADPH oxidase did not significantly affect MDSC accumulation in MOSEC-bearing mice, we evaluated whether NADPH oxidase modulates MDSC function, focusing on granulocytic MDSCs. CD11b+ cells and Ly6G+ cells were isolated by magnetic separation from PECs of WT and p47phox2/2 mice harvested at day 42 or 90 after MOSEC administration. Cytology and flow cytometry analysis of fractionated PECs showed concordant results, with similar findings between WT and p47phox2/2 mice. Representative results from PECs harvested at day 90 are shown in Figure 5. The CD11bnegative fraction consisted predominantly of tumor cells, with sparse numbers of myeloid cells (,1 ) (Figure 5A). The CD11benriched fraction was comprised principally of macrophages (CD11b+F4/80+), but also contained granulocytic and monocytic MDSCs (Figure 5B). The Ly6G-enriched fraction contained a mixed population of cells, with granulocytic MDSCs (CD11b+Ly6G+Ly6Clow) being the predominant myeloid cell population. Cytology confirmed the presence of cells with a distinct granulocytic morphology in the Ly6G+ enriched fraction (Figure 5C). PEC fractions from tumor-bearing WT and p47phox2/2mice were co-cultured with anti-CD3/B7.1-stimulated CFSE-loaded splenocytes from non-tumor-bearing WT mice (E:T ratio 1:1), and CD4+ and CD8+ T cell proliferation was assessed by CFSE dye dilution. CD11b-enriched PECs from day 42 and day 90 tumorbearing WT and p47phox2/2mice completely suppressed antiCD3/B7.1-stimulated CD4+ and CD8+ T cell proliferationPeritoneal granulocytic MDSCs from WT MOSEC-bearing mice have intact p47phox-dependent NADPH oxidase functionWe next assessed whether NADPH oxidase activity is intact in MDSCs from tumor-bearing mice. Peritoneal exudate cells harvested at day 90 after MOSEC challenge from WT and p47phox2/2 mice were stimulated with PMA (50 nM for 15 min), and intracellular ROI production in granulocytic MDSCs (CD11b+Ly6G+) was assessed by H2DCFDA fluorescence (Figure 4A). WT granulocytic MDSCs had intact NADPH oxidase activity (Figure 4B), whereas ROI generation was absent inFigure 3. Role of NADPH oxidase in cytokine production in the ovarian tumor microenvironment. Cell-free supernatants collected from ascites from WT and p47phox2/2 mice at day 90 after MOSEC administration were analyzed by ELISA for pro-inflammatory cytokines, G-CSF, and VEGF. N = 8 mice per genotype. Comparison between genotypes: p = NS. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0069631.gMyeloid-Derived Suppressor Cells and NADPH OxidaseFigure 4. 23977191 The p47phox component is required for NADPH oxidase activity in granulocytic MDSCs. PECs from WT and p47phox2/2 mice harvested at day 90 after MOSEC challenge were stimulated with PMA, and intracellular ROI production in CD11b+Ly6G+ cells was assessed by H2DCFDA fluorescence. A) Gating on all non-aggregated cells (Gate 1), CD11b.

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