Tal tubule marker, contrarily to CD10/CD13 double-negative cells (Figure 4A

Tal tubule marker, contrarily to CD10/CD13 double-negative cells (Figure 4A

Tal tubule marker, contrarily to CD10/CD13 double-negative cells (Figure 4A and 4B respectively). Both cell populations expressed epithelial markers pan-cytokeratin and b-catenin at the cell membrane and were negative for the mesenchymal marker vimentin (Figure 4). By contrast, western blotting (Figure 3) and immunofluorescence labeling (Figure 5) of CD10+ or CD13+ cells alone revealed mixed populations that expressed both proximal and distal markers. Both cell populations also expressed epithelial markers (pan-cytokeratin and b-catenin at the cell membrane) (Figure 5). Also they were both positive for the mesenchymal marker vimentin when cultured in FBS-supplemented medium (data not shown) but negative for vimentin in FBS-free EGFsupplemented medium. Only a few cells of the CD13+-population displayed vimentin in both either culture medium (Figure 5A). Furthermore, unsorted cells, CD10+ cells, CD13+ cells, CD10/ CD13 double-negative cells and CD10/CD13 double-positive cells expressed basal level of a-SMA by western blotting (Figure S1A). By contrast, no staining was detected by immunofluorescence (Figure S1B). These results are in agreement with many publications [15,16] in which a-SMA staining was only detected by immunofluorescence after stimuli such as TGF-b, pharmacological or hypoxic treatments. In summary, CD10/CD13 double-positive cells appeared to display the phenotypic MedChemExpress PS-1145 characteristics of PT cells while CD10/ CD13 double-negative cells presented the phenotypic characteristics of distal tubule and collecting duct cells.Morphological and functional characteristicsSince sorted cells presented a more epithelial phenotype in FBSfree 13655-52-2 EGF-supplemented medum than in FBS-supplemented medium, further characterization was carried out in serum-free medium. CD10/CD13 double-positive cells (PT cells) and CD10/ CD13 double-negative cells were seeded onto MatrigelH, collagen IV or uncoated plastic membranes to evaluate the impact of the support on cell morphology and functional characteristics. Morphological and functional characteristics of single-labeled CD10+- and CD13+- cells were not evaluated since they expressed both proximal and distal markers. Ultrastructural analysis by TEM revealed that both PT cells and double-negative cells exhibited a polarized morphology with the occurrence of some tight junctions (more numerous in CD10/ CD13 double-negative cells) as well as desmosomes, which are characteristics of polarized cells (Figure 6) [17]. Moreover, PT cells displayed long microvilli at the apical pole, indicative of a brush border [17]. By contrast, CD10/CD13 double-negative exhibited short microvilli. The type of support did not seem to influence cell morphology. In an attempt to evaluate epithelial barrier functionality, we measured the TEER across the PT cell- and CD10/ CD13 double-negative cell-monolayers over 5 days post-confluency (Figure 7A). TEER values increased in a time-dependent manner as in MDCK control cells (Figure 7B) and were higher in CD10/CD13 double-negative cells than in PT cells. PT cells and CD10/CD13 double-negative cells grown on uncoated or collagen IV-coated transwell filters exhibited similar TEER values. However, TEER values were about two times lower for cells grown on MatrigelH-coated transwell filter (p,0.001 for PT cells and p,0.05 for CD10/CD13 double-negative cells) (Figure 7A). These results indicate that both plastic alone and collagen IV allow PT cells and CD10/CD13 double-negative cells to form a h.Tal tubule marker, contrarily to CD10/CD13 double-negative cells (Figure 4A and 4B respectively). Both cell populations expressed epithelial markers pan-cytokeratin and b-catenin at the cell membrane and were negative for the mesenchymal marker vimentin (Figure 4). By contrast, western blotting (Figure 3) and immunofluorescence labeling (Figure 5) of CD10+ or CD13+ cells alone revealed mixed populations that expressed both proximal and distal markers. Both cell populations also expressed epithelial markers (pan-cytokeratin and b-catenin at the cell membrane) (Figure 5). Also they were both positive for the mesenchymal marker vimentin when cultured in FBS-supplemented medium (data not shown) but negative for vimentin in FBS-free EGFsupplemented medium. Only a few cells of the CD13+-population displayed vimentin in both either culture medium (Figure 5A). Furthermore, unsorted cells, CD10+ cells, CD13+ cells, CD10/ CD13 double-negative cells and CD10/CD13 double-positive cells expressed basal level of a-SMA by western blotting (Figure S1A). By contrast, no staining was detected by immunofluorescence (Figure S1B). These results are in agreement with many publications [15,16] in which a-SMA staining was only detected by immunofluorescence after stimuli such as TGF-b, pharmacological or hypoxic treatments. In summary, CD10/CD13 double-positive cells appeared to display the phenotypic characteristics of PT cells while CD10/ CD13 double-negative cells presented the phenotypic characteristics of distal tubule and collecting duct cells.Morphological and functional characteristicsSince sorted cells presented a more epithelial phenotype in FBSfree EGF-supplemented medum than in FBS-supplemented medium, further characterization was carried out in serum-free medium. CD10/CD13 double-positive cells (PT cells) and CD10/ CD13 double-negative cells were seeded onto MatrigelH, collagen IV or uncoated plastic membranes to evaluate the impact of the support on cell morphology and functional characteristics. Morphological and functional characteristics of single-labeled CD10+- and CD13+- cells were not evaluated since they expressed both proximal and distal markers. Ultrastructural analysis by TEM revealed that both PT cells and double-negative cells exhibited a polarized morphology with the occurrence of some tight junctions (more numerous in CD10/ CD13 double-negative cells) as well as desmosomes, which are characteristics of polarized cells (Figure 6) [17]. Moreover, PT cells displayed long microvilli at the apical pole, indicative of a brush border [17]. By contrast, CD10/CD13 double-negative exhibited short microvilli. The type of support did not seem to influence cell morphology. In an attempt to evaluate epithelial barrier functionality, we measured the TEER across the PT cell- and CD10/ CD13 double-negative cell-monolayers over 5 days post-confluency (Figure 7A). TEER values increased in a time-dependent manner as in MDCK control cells (Figure 7B) and were higher in CD10/CD13 double-negative cells than in PT cells. PT cells and CD10/CD13 double-negative cells grown on uncoated or collagen IV-coated transwell filters exhibited similar TEER values. However, TEER values were about two times lower for cells grown on MatrigelH-coated transwell filter (p,0.001 for PT cells and p,0.05 for CD10/CD13 double-negative cells) (Figure 7A). These results indicate that both plastic alone and collagen IV allow PT cells and CD10/CD13 double-negative cells to form a h.

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