Bated with secondary biotinylated goat anti-mouse IgG (Vector; 1:200) at RT for

Bated with secondary biotinylated goat anti-mouse IgG (Vector; 1:200) at RT for

Bated with secondary biotinylated goat anti-mouse IgG (Vector; 1:200) at RT for 1 h. Slides incubated with secondary antibody alone served as negative controls. After another wash with TBS, the sections were incubated with avidinconjugated peroxidase (ABC kit; Vector Laboratories) at RT in the dark for 30 min, washed again with TBS, and then incubated with the peroxidase substrate AEC (Dako; Glostrup, Denmark) for staining. Finally, the slides were briefly counterstained with hematoxylin. Recombinant mouse CD44 Fc chimera (R DProliferation assaySubconfluent, logarithmically growing cells were trypsinized and 56104 cells in 2.5 ml of cell culture medium were seeded in triplicates in 12.5 cm2 flasks and allowed to grow for between 1 and 5 days and collected at one-day intervals by trypsinization. The cell number/flask was determined by counting aliquots of harvested cells in a Neubauer chamber. The equation N = No ekt was used to calculate the doubling time during logarithmic growth.Soft agar colony formation assayExperiments were carried out in 6-well plates. A bottom agar layer in individual wells was generated with 1.5 ml of 0.5 DNA grade agarose (Promega, Madison, WI) in cell culture medium. The plates were kept at 4uC until use. 26104 cells in 1.5 ml of 0.35 agarose in cell culture medium were seeded per well in triplicates on top of the bottom agar layer. The cells were cultured at 37uC for 24 h before 2 ml per well of cell culture medium with penicillin/Autophagy streptomycin/amphotericin B (PSA, 1:100; Invitrogen) were added. The medium was replaced every 3 days and the cellsCD44 Silencing Promotes Osteosarcoma MetastasisFigure 1. shRNA-mediated downregulation of CD44 expression in 143-B OS cells. (A) Western blot analysis with the panCD44 Hermes3 antibody 18055761 of total CD44 gene-derived protein products in extracts of 143-B EV (EV), 143-B Ctrl shRNA (Ctrl shRNA) or 143-B shCD44 (shCD44) cells. bActin was used as a loading control. (B) Cell immunostaining of CD44 (red) in saponin permeabilized 143-B EV (EV), 143-B Ctrl shRNA (Ctrl shRNA) or 143-B shCD44 (shCD44) cells. Actin filaments (green) and cell nuclei (blue) were visualized with Alexa Fluor 488-labeled phalloidin 15857111 and DAPI, respectively. Bars, 100 mm. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0060329.gSystems, Minneapolis, MN; 10 mg/ml) were used for the staining of HA in tissue sections with the standard protocol for immunostaining excluding antigen retrieval. For negative controls, tissue sections were treated with hyaluronidase (200 U/ml; Sigma inhibitor Aldrich) at 37uC overnight prior to HA staining, or the CD44 Fc chimera were preincubated with HA (1 mg/ml; Sigma Aldrich) before application to the slides.Results shRNA-mediated silencing of the CD44 gene in the human metastatic 143-B OS cell line diminishes in vitro metastatic propertiesAn analysis in 143-B cells of the products derived from the CD44 gene revealed predominant expression of the standard CD44s isoform, a finding that was consistent with observations in other established as well as primary human OS cell lines (not shown). Based on the previously reported malignant phenotype of 143-B cells in vivo, which, upon intratibial injection, nicely reproduced the human disease with primary osteolytic bone lesion that metastasize to the lung [26], 143-B cells stably expressing aStatistical analysisDifferences between means were analyzed by the Student t-test and p,0.05 was considered significant. The results are presented as means 6 SEM.CD44 Silencing Prom.Bated with secondary biotinylated goat anti-mouse IgG (Vector; 1:200) at RT for 1 h. Slides incubated with secondary antibody alone served as negative controls. After another wash with TBS, the sections were incubated with avidinconjugated peroxidase (ABC kit; Vector Laboratories) at RT in the dark for 30 min, washed again with TBS, and then incubated with the peroxidase substrate AEC (Dako; Glostrup, Denmark) for staining. Finally, the slides were briefly counterstained with hematoxylin. Recombinant mouse CD44 Fc chimera (R DProliferation assaySubconfluent, logarithmically growing cells were trypsinized and 56104 cells in 2.5 ml of cell culture medium were seeded in triplicates in 12.5 cm2 flasks and allowed to grow for between 1 and 5 days and collected at one-day intervals by trypsinization. The cell number/flask was determined by counting aliquots of harvested cells in a Neubauer chamber. The equation N = No ekt was used to calculate the doubling time during logarithmic growth.Soft agar colony formation assayExperiments were carried out in 6-well plates. A bottom agar layer in individual wells was generated with 1.5 ml of 0.5 DNA grade agarose (Promega, Madison, WI) in cell culture medium. The plates were kept at 4uC until use. 26104 cells in 1.5 ml of 0.35 agarose in cell culture medium were seeded per well in triplicates on top of the bottom agar layer. The cells were cultured at 37uC for 24 h before 2 ml per well of cell culture medium with penicillin/streptomycin/amphotericin B (PSA, 1:100; Invitrogen) were added. The medium was replaced every 3 days and the cellsCD44 Silencing Promotes Osteosarcoma MetastasisFigure 1. shRNA-mediated downregulation of CD44 expression in 143-B OS cells. (A) Western blot analysis with the panCD44 Hermes3 antibody 18055761 of total CD44 gene-derived protein products in extracts of 143-B EV (EV), 143-B Ctrl shRNA (Ctrl shRNA) or 143-B shCD44 (shCD44) cells. bActin was used as a loading control. (B) Cell immunostaining of CD44 (red) in saponin permeabilized 143-B EV (EV), 143-B Ctrl shRNA (Ctrl shRNA) or 143-B shCD44 (shCD44) cells. Actin filaments (green) and cell nuclei (blue) were visualized with Alexa Fluor 488-labeled phalloidin 15857111 and DAPI, respectively. Bars, 100 mm. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0060329.gSystems, Minneapolis, MN; 10 mg/ml) were used for the staining of HA in tissue sections with the standard protocol for immunostaining excluding antigen retrieval. For negative controls, tissue sections were treated with hyaluronidase (200 U/ml; Sigma Aldrich) at 37uC overnight prior to HA staining, or the CD44 Fc chimera were preincubated with HA (1 mg/ml; Sigma Aldrich) before application to the slides.Results shRNA-mediated silencing of the CD44 gene in the human metastatic 143-B OS cell line diminishes in vitro metastatic propertiesAn analysis in 143-B cells of the products derived from the CD44 gene revealed predominant expression of the standard CD44s isoform, a finding that was consistent with observations in other established as well as primary human OS cell lines (not shown). Based on the previously reported malignant phenotype of 143-B cells in vivo, which, upon intratibial injection, nicely reproduced the human disease with primary osteolytic bone lesion that metastasize to the lung [26], 143-B cells stably expressing aStatistical analysisDifferences between means were analyzed by the Student t-test and p,0.05 was considered significant. The results are presented as means 6 SEM.CD44 Silencing Prom.

Leave a Reply