Own to reduce mortality in patients hospitalized for sepsis [46].Genetic Susceptibility

Own to reduce mortality in patients hospitalized for sepsis [46].Genetic Susceptibility

Own to reduce mortality in patients hospitalized for sepsis [46].Genetic Susceptibility to get AN-3199 ErysipelasTable 4. Affymetrix HMA250K results for 3q22.SNPPhysical locus (bp)Gene; positionHaploview Associated alleleHaploview p-value 0.Shared heterozygosityHaplotype pattern mining p-value 0.Haplotype pattern mining ScorersGrsG0.0.rs1522940 rs2687661 rs6803324 rs6440561 rs6440562 rs9862062* rs9811115* rs275679 rs10513336 rs275711 rs718424 rs2087737 rs16860674 rs872212 rs2012052 rs454530 rs2638359 rs2638358 rs2638357 rs2933251 rs409742 rs4681157 rs12721267 rs12695877 rs1492103 rs12695918 rs148315687 148319233 148335030 148358582 148358705 148359724 148360046 148368303 148368387 148374631 148380543 148381522 148382002 148386747 148386856 148400657 148406383 148406537 148406619 148406799 148412365 148412408 148416327 148427034 148432964 148456627 148468746 AGTR1; intron 1 AGTR1; intron 2 AGTR1; intron 2 AGTR1; intronG T A C0.389 0.795 0.313 0.044 x x x0.169 0.046 0.013 0.012 0.010 0.013 0.023 0.040 0.078 0.084 0.082 0.092 0.108 0.108 0.113 0.113 0.086 0.119 0.119 0.096 0.091 0.080 0.082 0.59 101 142 194 218 259 263 231 188 163 164 140 90 55 36 25 19 18 22 39 59 80 76 74 68 58G A G0.045 0.045 0.x x x xT C T0.230 0.045 0.x x x xT A C T A A T C T0.166 0.166 0.228 0.228 0.228 0.228 0.228 0.228 0.x x x x x x x x x xG0.0.113 0.C0.0.The haplotype that was significantly associated to erysipelas in Haploview is marked with bold letters in the “Associated allele” column. Significant p-values in Haploview or Haplotype 1662274 pattern mining (HPM) for individual SNPs are also highlighted in bold. SNPs belonging to the associated haplotype and a significant p-value in Haploview, and with a significant p-value in HPM, and that showed shared heterozygosity among cases are marked with an asterisk. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0056225.tPolymorphisms in AGTR1 and especially the C allele of rs5186 (+1166A.C) have been associated with hypertension and the A allele of rs5186 has been associated with higher serum levels of high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (CRP) and inflammation [36,37]. Out of our six probands five were homozygous AA, one heterozygous AC, and none had the CC genotype. In the presence of AA or AC genotypes microRNA-155 (miR-155) represses expression of the AGTR1 protein [47]. MiR-155 mediated translational repression can be regulated by, e.g., TGFB1, and MiR-155 expression is significantly increased with the AA or AC genotypes as compared to the 1516647 CC genotype. MiR-155 is critically involved in the control of specific differentiation processes in the immune response. It functions specifically in regulating T helper cell differentiation and the germinal center reaction to produce an optimal T cell ependent antibody response, mediated at leastpartly by regulating cytokine production [48]. Furthermore, the loss of MiR-155 leads to an overall attenuation of immune responses in mouse [49]. High CRP levels and leukocyte counts (i.e., a more severe inflammatory response) in erysipelas are associated with recurrence of erysipelas [5]. Our finding of predominance of the A-allele in our six probands is consistent with these earlier observations. Interestingly, AGTR1 and PTGES are involved in the same pathway, as AGTR1 induces the production of COX, which coverts arachidonic acid into MedChemExpress Tubastatin A Prostaglandin H2 that in turn is converted by PTGES into Prostaglandin E2. We found evidence for host genetic factors influencing susceptibility to bacterial non-necrotizing erysipelas/celluli.Own to reduce mortality in patients hospitalized for sepsis [46].Genetic Susceptibility to ErysipelasTable 4. Affymetrix HMA250K results for 3q22.SNPPhysical locus (bp)Gene; positionHaploview Associated alleleHaploview p-value 0.Shared heterozygosityHaplotype pattern mining p-value 0.Haplotype pattern mining ScorersGrsG0.0.rs1522940 rs2687661 rs6803324 rs6440561 rs6440562 rs9862062* rs9811115* rs275679 rs10513336 rs275711 rs718424 rs2087737 rs16860674 rs872212 rs2012052 rs454530 rs2638359 rs2638358 rs2638357 rs2933251 rs409742 rs4681157 rs12721267 rs12695877 rs1492103 rs12695918 rs148315687 148319233 148335030 148358582 148358705 148359724 148360046 148368303 148368387 148374631 148380543 148381522 148382002 148386747 148386856 148400657 148406383 148406537 148406619 148406799 148412365 148412408 148416327 148427034 148432964 148456627 148468746 AGTR1; intron 1 AGTR1; intron 2 AGTR1; intron 2 AGTR1; intronG T A C0.389 0.795 0.313 0.044 x x x0.169 0.046 0.013 0.012 0.010 0.013 0.023 0.040 0.078 0.084 0.082 0.092 0.108 0.108 0.113 0.113 0.086 0.119 0.119 0.096 0.091 0.080 0.082 0.59 101 142 194 218 259 263 231 188 163 164 140 90 55 36 25 19 18 22 39 59 80 76 74 68 58G A G0.045 0.045 0.x x x xT C T0.230 0.045 0.x x x xT A C T A A T C T0.166 0.166 0.228 0.228 0.228 0.228 0.228 0.228 0.x x x x x x x x x xG0.0.113 0.C0.0.The haplotype that was significantly associated to erysipelas in Haploview is marked with bold letters in the “Associated allele” column. Significant p-values in Haploview or Haplotype 1662274 pattern mining (HPM) for individual SNPs are also highlighted in bold. SNPs belonging to the associated haplotype and a significant p-value in Haploview, and with a significant p-value in HPM, and that showed shared heterozygosity among cases are marked with an asterisk. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0056225.tPolymorphisms in AGTR1 and especially the C allele of rs5186 (+1166A.C) have been associated with hypertension and the A allele of rs5186 has been associated with higher serum levels of high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (CRP) and inflammation [36,37]. Out of our six probands five were homozygous AA, one heterozygous AC, and none had the CC genotype. In the presence of AA or AC genotypes microRNA-155 (miR-155) represses expression of the AGTR1 protein [47]. MiR-155 mediated translational repression can be regulated by, e.g., TGFB1, and MiR-155 expression is significantly increased with the AA or AC genotypes as compared to the 1516647 CC genotype. MiR-155 is critically involved in the control of specific differentiation processes in the immune response. It functions specifically in regulating T helper cell differentiation and the germinal center reaction to produce an optimal T cell ependent antibody response, mediated at leastpartly by regulating cytokine production [48]. Furthermore, the loss of MiR-155 leads to an overall attenuation of immune responses in mouse [49]. High CRP levels and leukocyte counts (i.e., a more severe inflammatory response) in erysipelas are associated with recurrence of erysipelas [5]. Our finding of predominance of the A-allele in our six probands is consistent with these earlier observations. Interestingly, AGTR1 and PTGES are involved in the same pathway, as AGTR1 induces the production of COX, which coverts arachidonic acid into Prostaglandin H2 that in turn is converted by PTGES into Prostaglandin E2. We found evidence for host genetic factors influencing susceptibility to bacterial non-necrotizing erysipelas/celluli.

Leave a Reply