Proportions of HLA-DR expressing CD4+, CD8+ and DN cd T-cells between

Proportions of HLA-DR expressing CD4+, CD8+ and DN cd T-cells between

I-BRD9 proportions of HLA-DR expressing CD4+, CD8+ and DN cd T-cells between HD and nsTB or sTB. No differences were observed in HLA-DR expression on all the cd T subsets evaluated when nsTB and sTB were compared.Higher frequencies of IFN-c producing DN ab T-cells were found in nsTB patientsSince distinct groups of TB patients displayed different proportions of T-cell subsets and their activation status, we next evaluated the ability of each T-cell population to produce inflammatory and modulatory cytokine upon in vitro (MTB-Ag)specific stimulation (Fig. 3). Frequencies of IFN-c producing CD4+ ab T-cells did not differ significantly among all the groups analyzed (Fig. 3B). However, higher frequencies of IFN-c producing CD8+ and DN ab T-cells were seen in TB patients than in HD. The differences observed in the proportions of IFN-c producing cells between TB and HD individuals were probably caused by the patients presenting the non-severe TB, since nsTB patients presented much higher frequencies of IFN-c producing CD8+ and DN ab T-cells than either HD or sTB patients. It is important to mention that in CD8+ cells displayed higher frequencies of IFN-c producing cells compared with CD4+ cells from TB patients. Differences in TNF-a producing cells were only seen in the CD8+ ab T-cell subset. nsTB patients displayed higher frequencies of TNF-a producing CD8+ ab T-cells than HD (Fig. 3C). As observed for IFN-c, the frequencies of TNF-a producing cells were significantly higher in nsTB patients when compared with 1662274 sTB ones. Higher frequencies of the IL-10 producing CD4+ ab T-cells were found in TB patient compared with HD (Fig. 3D). Differences became even higher when the frequencies of IL-10 producing CD4+ ab T-cells were compared between nsTB andTB patients with severe pathology display decreased proportions of DN cd T-cellsThe proportion of CD4+, CD8+ and DN cd T-cells, gated as described in Fig. 2A, were analyzed and compared among groups. TB patients displayed significantly higher frequencies of CD4+ andRole of CD4-CD8-ab and cd T Cells in TuberculosisRole of CD4-CD8-ab and cd T Cells in TuberculosisFigure 2. Advanced TB patients display decreased proportions of DN cd T-cells. Representative contour plots BI-78D3 custom synthesis showing the gate strategy used for the analysis of CD4 (middle left), CD8 (middle center), DN (middle right) cd-T cells and the expression of CD69 (upper panels) and HLA-DR (lower panels) on DN cd -T cells (A). Percentages of CD4+ (left panels), CD8+ (middle panels) and DN (right panels) cd T-cells in healthy donors (HD, open symbols), TB (total TB, black symbols), nsTB (non-severe TB, light gray symbols) and sTB patients (severe TB, dark gray) were measured before treatment (B). The percentage of CD69 (C) and HLA-DR (D) expression within CD4+ (left panels), CD8+ (middle panels) and DN (right panels) cd T-cells in HD, TB, nsTB and sTB patients were analyzed ex vivo. The boxes represent the means. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0050923.gHD. Moreover, between the TB groups, nsTB displayed higher proportion of IL-10 producing CD4+ ab T-cells than sTB. The same was observed for the CD8+ ab T-cell subset. nsTB displayed higher proportion of IL-10 producing CD8+ ab T-cells than sTB. And differences in the frequencies of IL-10 producing CD8+ ab Tcells were only between nsTB and HD individuals. Together these findings indicate that both inflammatory and modulatory cytokine production is suppressed in TB patients presenting the more severe clinical presentation.Proportions of HLA-DR expressing CD4+, CD8+ and DN cd T-cells between HD and nsTB or sTB. No differences were observed in HLA-DR expression on all the cd T subsets evaluated when nsTB and sTB were compared.Higher frequencies of IFN-c producing DN ab T-cells were found in nsTB patientsSince distinct groups of TB patients displayed different proportions of T-cell subsets and their activation status, we next evaluated the ability of each T-cell population to produce inflammatory and modulatory cytokine upon in vitro (MTB-Ag)specific stimulation (Fig. 3). Frequencies of IFN-c producing CD4+ ab T-cells did not differ significantly among all the groups analyzed (Fig. 3B). However, higher frequencies of IFN-c producing CD8+ and DN ab T-cells were seen in TB patients than in HD. The differences observed in the proportions of IFN-c producing cells between TB and HD individuals were probably caused by the patients presenting the non-severe TB, since nsTB patients presented much higher frequencies of IFN-c producing CD8+ and DN ab T-cells than either HD or sTB patients. It is important to mention that in CD8+ cells displayed higher frequencies of IFN-c producing cells compared with CD4+ cells from TB patients. Differences in TNF-a producing cells were only seen in the CD8+ ab T-cell subset. nsTB patients displayed higher frequencies of TNF-a producing CD8+ ab T-cells than HD (Fig. 3C). As observed for IFN-c, the frequencies of TNF-a producing cells were significantly higher in nsTB patients when compared with 1662274 sTB ones. Higher frequencies of the IL-10 producing CD4+ ab T-cells were found in TB patient compared with HD (Fig. 3D). Differences became even higher when the frequencies of IL-10 producing CD4+ ab T-cells were compared between nsTB andTB patients with severe pathology display decreased proportions of DN cd T-cellsThe proportion of CD4+, CD8+ and DN cd T-cells, gated as described in Fig. 2A, were analyzed and compared among groups. TB patients displayed significantly higher frequencies of CD4+ andRole of CD4-CD8-ab and cd T Cells in TuberculosisRole of CD4-CD8-ab and cd T Cells in TuberculosisFigure 2. Advanced TB patients display decreased proportions of DN cd T-cells. Representative contour plots showing the gate strategy used for the analysis of CD4 (middle left), CD8 (middle center), DN (middle right) cd-T cells and the expression of CD69 (upper panels) and HLA-DR (lower panels) on DN cd -T cells (A). Percentages of CD4+ (left panels), CD8+ (middle panels) and DN (right panels) cd T-cells in healthy donors (HD, open symbols), TB (total TB, black symbols), nsTB (non-severe TB, light gray symbols) and sTB patients (severe TB, dark gray) were measured before treatment (B). The percentage of CD69 (C) and HLA-DR (D) expression within CD4+ (left panels), CD8+ (middle panels) and DN (right panels) cd T-cells in HD, TB, nsTB and sTB patients were analyzed ex vivo. The boxes represent the means. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0050923.gHD. Moreover, between the TB groups, nsTB displayed higher proportion of IL-10 producing CD4+ ab T-cells than sTB. The same was observed for the CD8+ ab T-cell subset. nsTB displayed higher proportion of IL-10 producing CD8+ ab T-cells than sTB. And differences in the frequencies of IL-10 producing CD8+ ab Tcells were only between nsTB and HD individuals. Together these findings indicate that both inflammatory and modulatory cytokine production is suppressed in TB patients presenting the more severe clinical presentation.

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