Tative enhancer region diagramed to the left (with each Stat5b

Tative enhancer region diagramed to the left (with each Stat5b site indicated as a white oval, and R13.5 as a gray curved shape), after Genz 99067 biological activity incubation of cells with vehicle (dark bars) or rat GH [40 nM] (light bars) for 18 h. The graph presents results of 4 independent experiments for each promoter plasmid (mean 6 S.E.; *, p,0.01; **, p,0.001 vs. R34?5 without GH [unpaired t-test]). Other p values are indicated, and compare 6 GH treatment [paired t-test]. Luciferase counts for R34?5 without GH ranged from 3.5 to 5.56103 relative light units/sec. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0050278.gDefining GH-Activated Stat5b EnhancersFigure 2. Stat5b binding sites are required to confer GH-responsiveness to Igf1 promoter 2 in promoter-reporter assays. Results of luciferase assays in Cos-7 cells transiently transfected with reporter plasmids containing Igf1 P2 and exon 2, plus wild type (WT) or mutated versions of individual Stat5b binding elements, and expression plasmids encoding the mouse GH receptor and rat Stat5b, and incubated with vehicle (dark bars) or rat GH [40 nM] (light bars) for 18 h. KO signifies knockout of a Stat5b binding site, with DKO representing double knockout and TKO, triple knockout. See `Materials and Methods’ for details. Bars represent the mean 6 S.E. of 4?0 independent experiments (*, p,0.007; **, p,0.0007; #, p,0.017; ##, p,0.0017; , p,0.013 vs. WT with GH [unpaired t-test]). In each graph, relative luciferase values obtained using the WT Stat5b element in the absence of GH were set to 1. A. R2?. B. R13. C. R34?5. D. R53?4. E. R57?9. F. R60?1. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0050278.g`Protein ImmunoblottingIsolation of nuclear and cytoplasmic proteins has been described previously [29,31,34]. Protein 11138725 extracts were separated by SDSpolyacrylamide gel electrophoresis under denaturing and reducing conditions and transferred to 0.45 mM nitrocellulose membranes. Subsequent steps in immunoblotting were performed as described [31] with the following dilutions of primary antibodies: antiStat5b, 1:5000, anti-phospho-Stat5, 1:4000, anti-Flag, 1:4000, anti-Creb, 1:4000, anti-a-tubulin, 1:10,000, and secondary antibodies at 1:5000. Images were captured using the LiCoR OdysseyInfrared Imaging System (LiCoR, Lincoln, NE) and version 3.0 analysis software.ImmunocytochemistryCos-7 cells in 6 well plates were transiently transfected with expression plasmids for wild type Stat5b, Stat5bCA, or Stat5bDN (500 ng). Two days later, cells were fixed in 4 paraformaldehyde for 15 min at 20uC and permeabilized with a 50:50 mixture of methanol and acetone for 2 min followed by blocking in 0.25 normal goat serum for 2 h at 20uC. After addition of Flag M2 monoclonal antibody (1:2000 dilution) or pStat5 antibody (1:Defining GH-Activated Stat5b EnhancersFigure 3. Stat5b differentially regulates the transcriptional activity of individual Stat5b elements in promoter-reporter assays. A. Results of luciferase activity assays in Cos-7 cells transiently transfected with expression plasmids encoding the mouse GH receptor and either wild type (WT), dominant negative (DN), or constitutively active (CA) rat Stat5b, and reporter plasmids containing Igf1 P2 and exon 2, and each individualDefining GH-Activated Stat5b EGF816 chemical information Enhancersintact or mutated (KO) Stat5b binding element after incubation in serum free medium for 18 h. The graph depicts results of 4 independent experiments for each promoter plasmid comparing Stat5bCA or Stat5bDN with Stat5bWT (mean 6 S.E.; *, p,0.025; **, p,0.0025).Tative enhancer region diagramed to the left (with each Stat5b site indicated as a white oval, and R13.5 as a gray curved shape), after incubation of cells with vehicle (dark bars) or rat GH [40 nM] (light bars) for 18 h. The graph presents results of 4 independent experiments for each promoter plasmid (mean 6 S.E.; *, p,0.01; **, p,0.001 vs. R34?5 without GH [unpaired t-test]). Other p values are indicated, and compare 6 GH treatment [paired t-test]. Luciferase counts for R34?5 without GH ranged from 3.5 to 5.56103 relative light units/sec. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0050278.gDefining GH-Activated Stat5b EnhancersFigure 2. Stat5b binding sites are required to confer GH-responsiveness to Igf1 promoter 2 in promoter-reporter assays. Results of luciferase assays in Cos-7 cells transiently transfected with reporter plasmids containing Igf1 P2 and exon 2, plus wild type (WT) or mutated versions of individual Stat5b binding elements, and expression plasmids encoding the mouse GH receptor and rat Stat5b, and incubated with vehicle (dark bars) or rat GH [40 nM] (light bars) for 18 h. KO signifies knockout of a Stat5b binding site, with DKO representing double knockout and TKO, triple knockout. See `Materials and Methods’ for details. Bars represent the mean 6 S.E. of 4?0 independent experiments (*, p,0.007; **, p,0.0007; #, p,0.017; ##, p,0.0017; , p,0.013 vs. WT with GH [unpaired t-test]). In each graph, relative luciferase values obtained using the WT Stat5b element in the absence of GH were set to 1. A. R2?. B. R13. C. R34?5. D. R53?4. E. R57?9. F. R60?1. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0050278.g`Protein ImmunoblottingIsolation of nuclear and cytoplasmic proteins has been described previously [29,31,34]. Protein 11138725 extracts were separated by SDSpolyacrylamide gel electrophoresis under denaturing and reducing conditions and transferred to 0.45 mM nitrocellulose membranes. Subsequent steps in immunoblotting were performed as described [31] with the following dilutions of primary antibodies: antiStat5b, 1:5000, anti-phospho-Stat5, 1:4000, anti-Flag, 1:4000, anti-Creb, 1:4000, anti-a-tubulin, 1:10,000, and secondary antibodies at 1:5000. Images were captured using the LiCoR OdysseyInfrared Imaging System (LiCoR, Lincoln, NE) and version 3.0 analysis software.ImmunocytochemistryCos-7 cells in 6 well plates were transiently transfected with expression plasmids for wild type Stat5b, Stat5bCA, or Stat5bDN (500 ng). Two days later, cells were fixed in 4 paraformaldehyde for 15 min at 20uC and permeabilized with a 50:50 mixture of methanol and acetone for 2 min followed by blocking in 0.25 normal goat serum for 2 h at 20uC. After addition of Flag M2 monoclonal antibody (1:2000 dilution) or pStat5 antibody (1:Defining GH-Activated Stat5b EnhancersFigure 3. Stat5b differentially regulates the transcriptional activity of individual Stat5b elements in promoter-reporter assays. A. Results of luciferase activity assays in Cos-7 cells transiently transfected with expression plasmids encoding the mouse GH receptor and either wild type (WT), dominant negative (DN), or constitutively active (CA) rat Stat5b, and reporter plasmids containing Igf1 P2 and exon 2, and each individualDefining GH-Activated Stat5b Enhancersintact or mutated (KO) Stat5b binding element after incubation in serum free medium for 18 h. The graph depicts results of 4 independent experiments for each promoter plasmid comparing Stat5bCA or Stat5bDN with Stat5bWT (mean 6 S.E.; *, p,0.025; **, p,0.0025).

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