Serted into the EcoR V sites of pT7Blue-T vector (Novagen

Serted into the EcoR V sites of pT7Blue-T vector (Novagen, Darmstadt, Germany) to generate pT7Blue-Sox2. After double digestion with BamH I and Sal I, the obtained fragment was inserted into the BamH I/Xho I sites of BI 10773 site pMXs-IRES-puro to generate pMXs-Sox2-IRES-puro. By cotransfection of these plasmids with vesicular stomatitis virus envelope G protein (VSV-G) expression plasmid into PLAT-GP prepackaging cell line (Cell Biolabs Inc.) respectively, VSV-G-pseudotyped MuLVbased retrovirus 1655472 vectors expressing Cdx2, Gli1, Gli3, CTSE, and Sox2 were prepared.were reported to be elevated in gastric carcinoma [35] and correlated with its malignant property [36], but specific expression of neither CTSB or CTSL in sig-type GC-derived cell lines could be detected (Figure 1A). As a whole, the expression profile of CTSE seems to be quite different from other cathepsin family genes. We next evaluated the relation between CTSE expression and Duvelisib histological type of 20 GC cell lines. Based on the detailed surveillance of literatures described in “Histological Type of Gastric Cancer Cell Lines” of Supporting Document S1, 19 GC cell lines could be sorted by Lauren and Japanese classification [3,4,5] (Table 1). According to the Lauren classification, 7 of 11 diffuse type GC-derived cells and 1 of 5 intestinal type GCderived cells express CTSE (Table 1): CTSE gene tends to be expressed in diffuse type and deficient in intestinal type GC. Association between CTSE expression and histological feature of gastric malignancy gets clearer when more precise Japanese classification is applied. Among the cell lines from diffuse type GC, it is noteworthy that NUGC-4 and Kato-III originated from sig-type GC strongly express CTSE, whereas SH-10-TC and KE-97 originated from muc-type GC are deficient in CTSE expression. For cells derived from por-type GC, the most frequent histological type of gastric malignancy [3], CTSE expression is diverse: MKN-45, KE-39, HuG1-PI, HuG1-N, and AGS strongly express CTSE, whereas GCIY and HGC-27 are deficient in CTSE expression. On the contrary, among the cell lines from Lauren’s intestinal type GC, namely tub1 and tub2 of Japanese classification, MKN-7, H-111-TC, MKN-74, and AZ521 lack CTSE expression, with only one exception of NCI-N87 showing obvious CTSE expression. From these result, we speculated that expression of CTSE is significantly correlated with histological type of gastric cancer. For other rare types of GC cell lines, MKN-1, ECC-10, and ECC-12 are absolutely deficient in CTSE expression (Figure 1A, Table 1).Results Expression of cathepsin E (CTSE) is Significantly Correlated with Originated Histological Type of Gastric Cancer Cell LinesTo search the marker genes for sig-type GC, we screened the expression of several genes reported to show distinctive expression between Lauren’s intestinal and diffuse type GC. Expression of Ecadherin (CDH-1) [19], LI-cadherin (CDH-17) [20], MUC5AC [21], MUC6 [21], MUC2 [21], vimentin [22], CTSD (cathepsin D) [23,24], CTSE (cathepsin E) [23,24], CTSB (cathepsin B) [25], CTSL (cathepsin L) [25], and GAPDH (internal control) genes were evaluated by RT-PCR in 20 GC lines together with the 12 cancer cell lines derived from other organs (Figure 1A). We then directed our attention to the CTSE, as it expresses in both Kato-III and NUGC-4 derived from sig-type GC, and also because it never expresses in MKN-7 and H-111-TC known to be originated from well differentiated tubular adenocarcinoma of stomach (t.Serted into the EcoR V sites of pT7Blue-T vector (Novagen, Darmstadt, Germany) to generate pT7Blue-Sox2. After double digestion with BamH I and Sal I, the obtained fragment was inserted into the BamH I/Xho I sites of pMXs-IRES-puro to generate pMXs-Sox2-IRES-puro. By cotransfection of these plasmids with vesicular stomatitis virus envelope G protein (VSV-G) expression plasmid into PLAT-GP prepackaging cell line (Cell Biolabs Inc.) respectively, VSV-G-pseudotyped MuLVbased retrovirus 1655472 vectors expressing Cdx2, Gli1, Gli3, CTSE, and Sox2 were prepared.were reported to be elevated in gastric carcinoma [35] and correlated with its malignant property [36], but specific expression of neither CTSB or CTSL in sig-type GC-derived cell lines could be detected (Figure 1A). As a whole, the expression profile of CTSE seems to be quite different from other cathepsin family genes. We next evaluated the relation between CTSE expression and histological type of 20 GC cell lines. Based on the detailed surveillance of literatures described in “Histological Type of Gastric Cancer Cell Lines” of Supporting Document S1, 19 GC cell lines could be sorted by Lauren and Japanese classification [3,4,5] (Table 1). According to the Lauren classification, 7 of 11 diffuse type GC-derived cells and 1 of 5 intestinal type GCderived cells express CTSE (Table 1): CTSE gene tends to be expressed in diffuse type and deficient in intestinal type GC. Association between CTSE expression and histological feature of gastric malignancy gets clearer when more precise Japanese classification is applied. Among the cell lines from diffuse type GC, it is noteworthy that NUGC-4 and Kato-III originated from sig-type GC strongly express CTSE, whereas SH-10-TC and KE-97 originated from muc-type GC are deficient in CTSE expression. For cells derived from por-type GC, the most frequent histological type of gastric malignancy [3], CTSE expression is diverse: MKN-45, KE-39, HuG1-PI, HuG1-N, and AGS strongly express CTSE, whereas GCIY and HGC-27 are deficient in CTSE expression. On the contrary, among the cell lines from Lauren’s intestinal type GC, namely tub1 and tub2 of Japanese classification, MKN-7, H-111-TC, MKN-74, and AZ521 lack CTSE expression, with only one exception of NCI-N87 showing obvious CTSE expression. From these result, we speculated that expression of CTSE is significantly correlated with histological type of gastric cancer. For other rare types of GC cell lines, MKN-1, ECC-10, and ECC-12 are absolutely deficient in CTSE expression (Figure 1A, Table 1).Results Expression of cathepsin E (CTSE) is Significantly Correlated with Originated Histological Type of Gastric Cancer Cell LinesTo search the marker genes for sig-type GC, we screened the expression of several genes reported to show distinctive expression between Lauren’s intestinal and diffuse type GC. Expression of Ecadherin (CDH-1) [19], LI-cadherin (CDH-17) [20], MUC5AC [21], MUC6 [21], MUC2 [21], vimentin [22], CTSD (cathepsin D) [23,24], CTSE (cathepsin E) [23,24], CTSB (cathepsin B) [25], CTSL (cathepsin L) [25], and GAPDH (internal control) genes were evaluated by RT-PCR in 20 GC lines together with the 12 cancer cell lines derived from other organs (Figure 1A). We then directed our attention to the CTSE, as it expresses in both Kato-III and NUGC-4 derived from sig-type GC, and also because it never expresses in MKN-7 and H-111-TC known to be originated from well differentiated tubular adenocarcinoma of stomach (t.

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