EtylgalactosamineGlycoform Selection in Prion FormationFigure 3. Detection of PrPSc before and after

EtylgalactosamineGlycoform Selection in Prion FormationFigure 3. Detection of PrPSc before and after PK-treatment. PrP in P2 fractions from sCJD, VPSPr and 47931-85-1 fCJDV180I was subjected to g5p-capture and treatment with or without PK prior to Western blotting with Bar209 (A and B) or V14 (C and D). doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0058786.g(Galb1-4GlcNAcb1-R) and has previously been used to compare the differences in glycan composition in different species and prion strains [17]. RCA-I reacted with both di- and mono-glycosylated PrP (Fig. S3A). Compared to that in sCJD, in VPSPr and fCJDV180I, the reactivity of RCA-I with monoglycosylated PrP decreased [69.65 (sCJD) vs. 55.82 (VPSPr), p = 0.0051 ,0.01; 69.65 (sCJD) vs. 49.49 (fCJDV180I), p = 0.0012 ,0.005], whereas the reactivity of RCA-I with diglycosylated PrP increased [30.64 (sCJD) vs. 37.70 (VPSPr), p = 0.0012 ,0.005; 30.64 (sCJD) vs. 39.44 (fCJDV180I), p = 0.00027 ,0.001] (Fig. S3B). This result indicates that glycan composition in VPSPr and fCJDV180I is indeed different from that in sCJD by an increased amount of Galb1-4GlcNAcb1-R in the diglycosyl moiety.Homatropine (methylbromide) PrPV180I cell lysates. After treatment with PK plus PNGase F, the deglycosylated PrPres was observed in PrPT183A, PrPV180I, and PrPWt, migrating at ,20?1 kDa, consistent with our previous observations that 1E4 is able to detect a PrPSc-like form in uninfected brains and cultured cells [10,11,18]. A faint band migrating at ,17 kDa was detectable in all three cell lysates, while a faint ,7? band was mainly found in PrPV180I and PrPWt (Fig. 5B).PrPV180I is present in both cell surface and endoplasmic reticulumUsing immunofluorescence confocal microscope, while PrPT183A was mainly found in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) (Fig. 5C), evidenced by the co-localization of PrP with calnexin, an ER membrane marker protein, most PrPWt was observed on the cell surface (Fig. 5E). These results are consistent with previous observations [10,11]. In contrast, in cells expressing PrPV180I the PrP staining on the cell surface was reduced compared to cells expressing PrPWt but higher amounts of PrP were colocalized with calnexin in the ER (Fig. 5D).There are no detectable differences in profile of glycosylation and truncation between PrPWt and PrPV180I expressed in cultured cellsTo determine whether the PrPV180I mutation is directly responsible for the altered glycosylation and proteolytic profiles observed in fCJDV180I, human neuroblastoma (M17) cells transfected with human PrPV180I, PrPT183A, or PrPWt with valine polymorphism at codon 129 were examined by Western blotting and immunofluorescence confocal microscopy. Western blots showed no significant differences in glycosylation and N-terminal truncation profiles between PrPWt and PrPV180I before and after treatment with PNGase F when probed with 3F4 antibody (Fig. 5A). As expected [9,10], PrPT183A exhibited a dominant mono197 band and a minor unglycosylated PrP band. Neither diglycosylated PrP nor mono181 was observed in PrPT183A. No PrPres was detected with 3F4 in all three cell lysates treated with PK alone. After treatment with PK plus PNGase F, a faint PK-resistant deglycosylated PrP band migrating at ,20 kDa was 1313429 observed in the three lysates, while additional undigested full-length PrP was also detected in PrPT183A (Fig. 5A). In contrast, PrPres was probed in all PrP species treated with PK alone by using 1E4 (Fig. 5B). As reported previously [7,10,11,18], while 1E4 exhibits a poor affinity for untreated.EtylgalactosamineGlycoform Selection in Prion FormationFigure 3. Detection of PrPSc before and after PK-treatment. PrP in P2 fractions from sCJD, VPSPr and fCJDV180I was subjected to g5p-capture and treatment with or without PK prior to Western blotting with Bar209 (A and B) or V14 (C and D). doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0058786.g(Galb1-4GlcNAcb1-R) and has previously been used to compare the differences in glycan composition in different species and prion strains [17]. RCA-I reacted with both di- and mono-glycosylated PrP (Fig. S3A). Compared to that in sCJD, in VPSPr and fCJDV180I, the reactivity of RCA-I with monoglycosylated PrP decreased [69.65 (sCJD) vs. 55.82 (VPSPr), p = 0.0051 ,0.01; 69.65 (sCJD) vs. 49.49 (fCJDV180I), p = 0.0012 ,0.005], whereas the reactivity of RCA-I with diglycosylated PrP increased [30.64 (sCJD) vs. 37.70 (VPSPr), p = 0.0012 ,0.005; 30.64 (sCJD) vs. 39.44 (fCJDV180I), p = 0.00027 ,0.001] (Fig. S3B). This result indicates that glycan composition in VPSPr and fCJDV180I is indeed different from that in sCJD by an increased amount of Galb1-4GlcNAcb1-R in the diglycosyl moiety.PrPV180I cell lysates. After treatment with PK plus PNGase F, the deglycosylated PrPres was observed in PrPT183A, PrPV180I, and PrPWt, migrating at ,20?1 kDa, consistent with our previous observations that 1E4 is able to detect a PrPSc-like form in uninfected brains and cultured cells [10,11,18]. A faint band migrating at ,17 kDa was detectable in all three cell lysates, while a faint ,7? band was mainly found in PrPV180I and PrPWt (Fig. 5B).PrPV180I is present in both cell surface and endoplasmic reticulumUsing immunofluorescence confocal microscope, while PrPT183A was mainly found in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) (Fig. 5C), evidenced by the co-localization of PrP with calnexin, an ER membrane marker protein, most PrPWt was observed on the cell surface (Fig. 5E). These results are consistent with previous observations [10,11]. In contrast, in cells expressing PrPV180I the PrP staining on the cell surface was reduced compared to cells expressing PrPWt but higher amounts of PrP were colocalized with calnexin in the ER (Fig. 5D).There are no detectable differences in profile of glycosylation and truncation between PrPWt and PrPV180I expressed in cultured cellsTo determine whether the PrPV180I mutation is directly responsible for the altered glycosylation and proteolytic profiles observed in fCJDV180I, human neuroblastoma (M17) cells transfected with human PrPV180I, PrPT183A, or PrPWt with valine polymorphism at codon 129 were examined by Western blotting and immunofluorescence confocal microscopy. Western blots showed no significant differences in glycosylation and N-terminal truncation profiles between PrPWt and PrPV180I before and after treatment with PNGase F when probed with 3F4 antibody (Fig. 5A). As expected [9,10], PrPT183A exhibited a dominant mono197 band and a minor unglycosylated PrP band. Neither diglycosylated PrP nor mono181 was observed in PrPT183A. No PrPres was detected with 3F4 in all three cell lysates treated with PK alone. After treatment with PK plus PNGase F, a faint PK-resistant deglycosylated PrP band migrating at ,20 kDa was 1313429 observed in the three lysates, while additional undigested full-length PrP was also detected in PrPT183A (Fig. 5A). In contrast, PrPres was probed in all PrP species treated with PK alone by using 1E4 (Fig. 5B). As reported previously [7,10,11,18], while 1E4 exhibits a poor affinity for untreated.

Leave a Reply